Understanding and tackling health inequalities

Overview

Focus & aims: Health status consistently varies between groups with different incomes, education, social class, gender, ethnicity and many other factors. This programme of work seeks to understand the root causes of these health inequalities and develop methods of reducing them.

Key research themes:

  • Intervention generated inequalities in health. There is evidence that many efforts to improve health and prevent disease are more effective in some groups than others. Often those with higher incomes or more education are better able to make use of opportunities for improving health preventing disease – such as vaccinations or screening tests. We have used the term “intervention generated inequalities in health” to describe this situation. Our research in this area is exploring when and why intervention generated inequalities occur.

  • Access to resources It is likely that one important cause of inequalities in health is differences in access to resources between groups. Important resources include money, education, time, and many other things. Our research on welfare benefits advice is exploring whether putting more money into people’s pockets has a direct effect on their health.

Funded programmes and PhD studentships:
Anna Christie: Type 2 Diabetes Do interventions generate inequalities? An analysis of inequalities in the access to, uptake of and impact of Type 2 diabetes health interventions in Middlesbrough and Redcar & Cleveland

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